About the District
The Sonepur (Subarnapur) district established from 1 st April 1993 with six blocks, with its headquarters at Sonepur. This district is known as the heaven on the earth due to its natural beauty and abundance of natural resources. It is also regarded as the second Varansi of India for its cluster of temples. handlooms, prawns, terracotta etc. give it special identity. Brought glory of this district, has got glorified giving birth to famous poets Bhim Bhoi and Chandramani Das.
Geography of the District
Sonepur (Subarnapur) district situated between 200 30' and 210 11' North latitude and 830 27' and 840 16' longitude and covering an area of 2284.89 Sq.K.M. The district spreads over an area of 2284.89 Sq.K.M. with two Sub-Division namely Sonepur and Birmaharajpur and four Tahasils, i.e. Sonepur, Binka, Rampur and Birmaharajpur. Sonepur is situated on the confluence of river “The Mahanadi” and “The Tel”. The region enjoys extreme climate with very hot summers and cold winters.
According to the 2011 census Sonepur (Subarnapur) district has a population of 6,52,107. The district has a population density of 279 inhabitants per square kilometre. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.35 %. Sonepur (Subarnapur) has a sex ratio of 959 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of 74.42 %.
Popular festivals of this region are Nuakhai , Gundikhaaee, Bhaye juintiaa, Po juintiaa, Poos poonee, Pooraa uaans, Sital sasthi, Dhanu yaatraa etc.
Food of the district
Kosli cuisine or popularly, Sambalpuri food is integral to the Kosli cultural identity and it is quite different in every sense from that of the rest of Odisha. Some of the important Kosli foods are Kardi (bamboo shoot), Hendua Chutchuta, Paatalghantaa Dhuldhulaa, Lethaa, Aambil, Thukthukaa, Chaul Bara and Bhuja. Basi Pakhal (fermented rice), Sukha jhuri (sun dried fish), Chitka.
Food during festivals - Rasbaraa (Prepared from green gram and sugar), Moog-sijhaa (sweetened boiled green gram), Sarsatiaa and Tikhri are prepared during festivals. Three types of tikhri are prepared. They are Moog-tikhri, Maidaa-tikhri and Paalua-tikhri.
Culture, Art & Craft
Sonepur (Subarnapur) District is known for its influentially rich cultural heritage, arts and crafts. For instance, textiles and terracotta of Sonepur, Brass metal works and Philigri crafts of Tarbha and Binka, Stone carving of Ullunda and Paddy crafts of Dunguripali are recognized all over the state and also in country.
Dance & Songs
Kosalanchal is culturally influenced by several different cults and religions. Its history dates back to the Mahabharat and Buddhist period. Folk songs and dances of this area have been revived and recognized during the last quarter century. Besides, Sonepur (Subarnapur) area is famous for 'Danda-nata', a religious folk tradition generally performed in the month of Chaitra, which is considered to be one of the oldest forms of variety entertainment in India, to the modern "Krushnaguru Bhajan", a type of folklyrics and songs. Sambalpuri language songs are quite popular throughout Odisha. Some hits include Rangabati, Dalkhai, Panbala Babu etc.